All information from notes and films. A five page paper discussing and comparing the invention of the printing press with the "invention" of the Internet. Both creations have had enormous impact on human communication. Quite literally, humanity had and has never seen something like it before.
History of advertising Bronze plate for printing an advertisement for the Liu family needle shop at JinanSong dynasty China. It is the world's earliest identified printed advertising medium. Egyptians used papyrus to make sales messages and wall posters.
Lost and found advertising on papyrus was common in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. Wall or rock painting for commercial advertising is another manifestation of an ancient advertising form, which is present to this day in many parts of Asia, Africa, and South America.
The tradition of wall painting can be traced back to Indian rock art paintings that date back to BC. Advertisement usually takes in the form of calligraphic signboards and inked papers. A copper printing plate dated back to the Song dynasty used to print posters in the form of a square sheet of paper with a rabbit logo with " Jinan Liu's Fine Needle Shop" and "We buy high-quality steel rods and make fine-quality needles, to be ready for use at home in no time" written above and below  is considered the world's earliest identified printed advertising medium.
Fruits and vegetables were sold in the city square from the backs of carts and wagons and their proprietors used street callers town criers to announce their whereabouts. The first compilation of such advertisements was gathered in "Les Crieries de Paris", a thirteenth-century poem by Guillaume de la Villeneuve.
These early print advertisements were used mainly to promote books and newspapers, which became increasingly affordable with advances in the printing press; and medicines, which were increasingly sought after. However, false advertising and so-called " quack " advertisements became a problem, which ushered in the regulation of advertising content.
Barratt of London has been called "the father of modern advertising". One of his slogans, "Good morning. Have you used Pears' soap?
He constantly stressed the importance of a strong and exclusive brand image for Pears and of emphasizing the product's availability through saturation campaigns.
He also understood the importance of constantly reevaluating the market for changing tastes and mores, stating in that "tastes change, fashions change, and the advertiser has to change with them. An idea that was effective a generation ago would fall flat, stale, and unprofitable if presented to the public today.
Not that the idea of today is always better than the older idea, but it is different — it hits the present taste.
In the United States, the success of this advertising format eventually led to the growth of mail-order advertising. In JuneFrench newspaper La Presse was the first to include paid advertising in its pages, allowing it to lower its price, extend its readership and increase its profitability and the formula was soon copied by all titles.
AroundVolney B. Palmer established the roots of the modern day advertising agency in Philadelphia. In Palmer bought large amounts of space in various newspapers at a discounted rate then resold the space at higher rates to advertisers.
The actual ad — the copy, layout, and artwork — was still prepared by the company wishing to advertise; in effect, Palmer was a space broker.
The situation changed when the first full-service advertising agency of N. By the advertising agency had become the focal point of creative planning, and advertising was firmly established as a profession. At first, agencies were brokers for advertisement space in newspapers.
In it was 2.
Industry could not benefit from its increased productivity without a substantial increase in consumer spending. This contributed to the development of mass marketing designed to influence the population's economic behavior on a larger scale. It is evident that the successful propagandist must understand the true motives and not be content to accept the reasons which men give for what they do.
The AAFLN was primarily an advertising agency but also gained heavily centralized control over much of the immigrant press. Walter Thompson Agency At the turn of the 20th century, advertising was one of the few career choices for women.
Since women were responsible for most household purchasing done, advertisers and agencies recognized the value of women's insight during the creative process.
In fact, the first American advertising to use a sexual sell was created by a woman — for a soap product. Although tame by today's standards, the advertisement featured a couple with the message "A skin you love to touch". Scott and John B. Watson contributed applied psychological theory to the field of advertising.Uses and gratifications theory takes a more humanistic approach to looking at media use.
Blumler and Katz believe that there is not merely one way that the populace uses media. Instead, they believe there are as many reasons for using the media, as there are media users. Uses and Gratifications Theory Applied to Religious ProgrammingFirst I have a reaction to the article “Why do people watch religious television” - Uses and Gratifications Theory Essay introduction.
In addition, it gave way to thinking of what other research could be performed on programming using the uses and gratifications approach. Those who lived by themselves ( percent) were most likely to watch news on Libyan TV channels on a daily basis, followed by those who lived with more than eight people ( percent), those who lived with one to four people ( percent), with those who lived with four to eight others being least likely to do this (36 percent) (X2 (3, N.
It is essentially an extension of Uses and Gratifications Theory in its audience needs based approach to media use. But it goes a step further because it addresses the potential effects of media use.
It deals with relationships between media, individuals, and social institutions. WHY DO PEOPLE WATCH RELIGIOUS TV?: A USES AND GRATIFICATIONS APPROACH Robert Abelman Cleveland State University Review of Religious Research, Vol. 29, No.2 (December, ) This article approaches the viewer of religious television as an "active audience" as defined in uses and gratifications research, and considers .
The “Uses and Gratifications” approach to mass mediated texts focuses on the social uses audiences make of the texts they see and the psychological gratifications these texts provide, as contrasted with a focus on the effects of exposure to texts and genres.