National Archives and Records Administration After the attack on Pearl Harbor in Decembera small contingent of Japanese submarines was dispatched east to patrol the California coastline. On February 23,the Japanese submarine I slinked into a channel near Ellwood Oil Field, a large oil well and storage facility outside of Santa Barbara. After surfacing, the submarine lobbed 16 shells at Ellwood Beach from its lone deck gun before submerging and fleeing to the open ocean. The brief shelling only caused minor damage to the oil field—a pump house and a single oil derrick were destroyed—but its implications were severe.
It brings blessings if held, disaster if lost. The United States has felt the fateful impact of this fact of life many times from the American Revolution to Cuba.
She has often neglected to be strong at sea and thereby gravely suffered.
She did so after World War I. Consequently she met repeated disaster because she entered World War II with too small a Navy, further reduced by the Pearl Harbor treachery.
The blessings of victory rose from the ashes through superb leadership, courage, skill, resolution, and a mighty fleet built to the stature required by a nation that would be mighty in the affairs of men.
Fleet Admiral Nimitz, whose Forward illumines this volume, provided much of the magnificent leadership needed. The submarine service which he had helped nurture from his younger days as a submarine skipper played a giant role indeed in transforming disaster into victory.
In doing so, submariners wrote shining new epics in naval tradition. As Lieutenant Nimitz in he had forecast, "The steady improvement of the torpedo together with the gradual improvement in the size, motive power and speed of submarine craft of the near future will result in a most dangerous offensive weapon, and one which will have a large part in deciding fleet actions.
They transform empires, industry, agriculture, transport, philosophies and political systems. With seven league boots, strength at sea strides forward into an era of strange new powers for human destiny.
These powers rest in large part on the infinite vastness of space and the silent vastness beneath the waves. A new Navy forms before our eyes and it forms in considerable part around the submarine.
Any student of history knows that there have been many "new navies"--the United States Navy has been in transition since its first ship set her course for freedom. As the industrial revolution accelerated, so did change at sea. These changes brought increasing advantages in having national strength based afloat.
Atomic power, Polaris missiles, electronics, space satellites have greatly increased these advantages by shattering old limitations of time and space, of speed and endurance, of surprise and hitting strength.
These phenomenal advances have concentrated dramatically in the Polaris submarine, champion of freedom. Hunley's torpedo was an explosive charge at the end of a spar that had to be rammed into the hostile warship.
Her engines were the arms of men on cranks. What a far cry to the godlike power of the atoms, the giant reach of Polaris into the heart of continents where no spot is safe from today's long arm of the sea. The first practical submarine, like the aircraft, came with the developments of the advancing industrial revolution such as the internal combustion engine, powerful electric batteries, improved genii of machines of many types.
The submarine played its first important role in expanding naval power during World War I. The new traditions submariners wrote, of valor, fortitude, service to America, shine for the future with the lustre of Jones, Decatur, Farragut.
In writing them, men suffered and died for America, as they did in all parts of the complex Navy, as they did in all services. Wars cannot be fought without loss; and he who wears the U.
Navy's uniform must be ready to give his life instantly in action as well as steadily in long years of service. Requests for this little memorial volume have mounted during the years while the last edition has been out of print.World War 2: Submarine Stories: True Stories From the Underwater Battlegrounds (Submarine Warfare, World War 2, World War II, WW2, WWII, Grey wolf, Uboat, submarine book Book 1) Jan 17, Nazi Submariners as Prisoners in North Louisiana During World War II Dec by Wesley Harris.
Paperback. $ $ 10 . The Sealion was the first U.S. submarine lost in World War II. Because of inexperience, poor military intelligence, bad torpedos, and bad luck, the Manila-based submarines sent out to oppose the Japanese invasion were almost totally ineffective.
The largest invasion of American soil during World War II came in the form of eight Nazi saboteurs sent to the United States on a doomed mission known as Operation Pastorius. Submarines still made use of deck guns during World War II, most of them ranging between three and five inches in caliber.
These were used to finish off unarmed merchant ships or sink smaller. In the closing months of World War II, heavy losses and depleted fuel stocks kept many of Japan’s remaining combat aircraft grounded and warships in port, awaiting an anticipated amphibious invasion. The Ling, a Balao class-submarine, was commissioned on June 8, and was the last of the fleet boats that patrolled U.S.
shores during World War II.