Scientists cannot give an exact date or origin for the script. Axe socket found near Campagna.
Number of speakers Standard German Hoch Deutsch has around 90 million native speakers, and other varieties of German have some 30 million. There are about 80 million people who speak German as a second language, and many others study it as a foreign language.
Written German The earliest known examples of written German date from the 8th century AD and consist of fragments of an epic poem, the Song of Hildebrand, magical charms and German glosses in Latin manuscripts.
A short Latin-German dictionary, the Abrogans, was written during the s.
German at a glance Linguistic affliation: Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Lichtenstein First written: AD s Writing system: The language used is now known as mittelhochdeutsche Dichtersprache Middle High German poetic language.
During this period Latin was gradually replaced by German as the language of official documents.
Varieties of German used in writing High German Hochdeutsch High German began to emerge as the standard literary language during the 16th century. The language he used, based partly on spoken German, became the model for written German. The Pennsylvania Dutch newspaper Hiwwe wie Driwwe publishes poetry and prose in Pennsylvania Dutch, and there are a number of other publications featuring the language.
Pennsylvania German is commonly referred to as Pennsylvania Dutch, however it is not a variety of Dutch.
Written German script styles Fraktur Fraktur was used for printed and written German from the 16th century until The name Fraktur comes from Latin and means "fractured" or "broken script". It is so called because its ornamental twiddly bits curlicues break the continuous line of a word.
In German it is usually called deutsche Schrift German script. Fraktur was also used for a number of other languages, including Finnish, Czech, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian. It is still used, to some extent, by speakers of Pennsylvania Dutch on signs and publicity for businesses.
Notes The final s appears at the ends of syllables, except in the following combinations: For further details, see: It was taught in German schools from to and is still used by the older generation.German (Deutsch) German is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Belgium, Luxembourg and Italy.
Varieties of German used in writing High German (Hochdeutsch) The last four letters are officially considered separate letters of the German alphabet. In Austra J is known as je [jeː]; Q . Alphabet: Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language.
In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence, and each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels. German orthography is the orthography used in writing the German language, which is largely phonemic.
However, it shows many instances of spellings that are historic or analogous to other spellings rather than phonemic. Suetterlin script: a script, created by the Berlin graphic artist Ludwig Sütterlin (), which was taught from to in German schools. It is also called the "the German handwriting".
The writing is a standard form of the earlier and very different chancery writing which was mainly used by government officials. Latin alphabet, as were old English, French, Italian, and Spanish scripts, individual letters of dent in German linguistics; and Raquel Klammer, a graduate student in German literature.
what is needed to practice writing old German script. While the writing exercises of the Script. This page taken by permission from A Guide to Jewish Genealogical Research in Israel -