Fever Pitch film A film version of Fever Pitch, with a screenplay adapted by Hornby, fictionalised the story, concentrating on Arsenal's First Division championship-winning season in —89 and its effect on the protagonist's romantic relationship.
History[ edit ] An early pirated 8 track mixtape from Homemade mix tapes became common in the s. Although the compact audio cassette by Philips appeared at the Berlin Radio Show the sound quality of cassettes was not good enough to be seriously considered for music Nick hornby how to be good essay until further advances in tape formulations, including the advent of chrome and metal tape.
Before the introduction of the audio cassette, the creation of a pop music compilation required specialized or cumbersome equipment, such as a reel-to-reel or 8 track recorder, that was often inaccessible to the casual music fan.
As cassette tapes and recorders grew in popularity and portability, these technological hurdles were lowered to the point where the only resources required to create a mix were a handful of cassettes and a cassette recorder connected to a source of pre-recorded music, such as a radio or LP player.
The 8-track tape cartridge was more popular for music recording during much of the s, as the cassette was originally only mono and intended for vocal recordings only, such as in office dictation machines.
But improvements in fidelity finally allowed the cassette to become a major player. The ready availability of the cassette and higher quality home recording decks to serve the casual home user allowed the cassette to become the dominant tape format, to the point that the 8 track tape nearly disappeared shortly after the turn of the s.
The growth of the mixtape was also encouraged by improved quality and increased popularity of audio cassette players in car entertainment systemsand by the introduction of the Sony Walkman in In the s, such DJs as Grandmaster Flash and the Furious FiveAfrika Bambaataa and the Soulsonic Force, Kool Herc and the Herculoidsand DJ Hollywood would often distribute recordings of their club performances via audio cassette, as well as customized recordings often prepared at exorbitant prices for individual tape purchasers.
These recordings tended to be of higher technical ability than home-made mixtapes and incorporated techniques such as beatmatching and scratching. One 12 October article in Billboard Magazine reported, "Tapes were originally dubbed by jockeys to serve as standbys for times when they did not have disco turntables to hand.
The tapes represent each jockey's concept of programming, placing, and sequencing of record sides. The music is heard without interruption. The USB flash drive is currently the most common medium for homemade mixes Throughout the s, mixtapes were a highly visible element of youth culture. However, the increased availability of CD burners and MP3 players and the gradual disappearance of cassette players in cars and households have led to a decline in the popularity of the compact audio cassette as a medium for homemade mixes.
The high point of traditional mixtape culture was arguably the publication of Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity in Since then, mixtapes have largely been replaced by mix CDs and shared MP3 playlists, which are more durable, can hold more songs, and require minutes rather than hours to prepare, and MP3 players take only seconds compared to CD-Rs.
While some mixtape enthusiasts bemoan the obsolescence of the cassette tape, others concede that the greater convenience offered by the mix CD has expanded the possibilities and accessibility of the medium, as indicated by the recent resurgence of mix-swapping clubs that trade mix CDs by regular mail.
Some mix enthusiasts also appreciate the potential of the mix CD for extended, continuous mixes and creative album art. MP3 players have further enhanced track accessibility, though ones without a screen defeat that purpose. These usually consist of recorded DJ sets of live, beat-matched mixes of songs, which are used by DJs seeking to demonstrate their mixing skills to an online audience.
The resulting remix or mash-up can be seen as an evolution of the mixtape, in that it appropriates existing songs to give them new meanings through their juxtaposition, but does so in a quicker, more integrated style.
This practice is heavily derived from the use of song loops as musical backdrops for an MC's rhymes in hip hop musicwhich is also related to turntablism.
Legal issues in the United States[ edit ] This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. September Frank Creighton, a director of anti-copyright infringement efforts for the Recording Industry Association of Americaconsiders that "money did not have to be involved for copying to be illegal".
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message While the process of recording a mix onto an audio cassette from LPs or compact discs is technically straightforward, many music fans who create more than one mixtape are eventually compelled to confront some of the practical and aesthetic challenges involved in the mixtape format.
From a practical standpoint, such issues as avoiding an excessive amount of blank tape at the end of one side which requires careful planning of the length of each side of the mix and reducing the audible click between songs which requires mastery of the pause button on the cassette recorder have been identified as part of the shared experience of mixtape aficionados.
From an aesthetic point of view, many enthusiasts believe that because a tape player, unlike a CD player, lacks the ability to skip from song to song, the mixtape needs to be considered in its entirety. This requires the mixtape creator to consider the transitions between songs, the effects caused by juxtaposing a soft song with a loud song, and the overall " narrative arc " of the entire tape.
One notable listing of such aesthetic "rules" can be found in a paragraph from Nick Hornby 's High Fidelity: A good compilation tape, like breaking up, is hard to do.
You've got to kick off with a corker, to hold the attention I started with "Got to Get You Off My Mind", but then realized that she might not get any further than track one, side one if I delivered what she wanted straightaway, so I buried it in the middle of side twoand then you've got to up it a notch, or cool it a notch, and you can't have white music and black music together, unless the white music sounds like black music, and you can't have two tracks by the same artist side by side, unless you've done the whole thing in pairs and The cover of the original McSweeney's edition of 31 Songsa essay collection by Nick Hornbywas intended to suggest the packaging of a homemade mixtape, with the Side A half of a Maxell cassette J-card as the front cover and the Side B half on the back cover.I think you should consult with a good writer or with a good writing service.
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“All I have to say about these songs is that I love them, and want to sing along to them. Muse Abuse occurs when artists exploit their real life and the people in it for the sake of their art, often to the serious detriment of the people around them and their relationships to other people in general.
However, I know Nick Hornby is a good writer, so I decided to go with my instincts. I thought the book was funny and spot on with Katie's feelings and observations about marriage, life and how she really felt about other people (like admitting she didn't like some of her patients)/5().
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