Language determines identity and how one views the world

Oil on board,

Language determines identity and how one views the world

Interpreting the Historical Buddha a. Dates There is no complete agreement among scholars and Buddhist traditions regarding the dates of the historical Buddha. From the middle of the 19th century until the late 20th century, Western scholars had believed the dates of the Buddha to be ca.

Language and social identity: a psychosocial approach | Rusi Jaspal -

Gombrichbetween B. Saraobetween ca. BechertB. NakamuraB. Hirakawabetween B. Sources The historical Buddha did not write down any of his teachings, they were passed down orally from generation to generation for at least three centuries.

Unfortunately, the contradictory conclusions have led most scholars to be skeptical about the possibility of knowing what the Buddha really taught. This however, does not mean that all Buddhist texts that attribute teachings to the Buddha are equally valuable to reconstruct his thought.

Whether these sources are faithful to the actual thought and teachings of the historical Buddha is an unanswerable question; I can only say that to my knowledge there are not better sources to reconstruct the philosophy of the Buddha. From a scholarly perspective, the former account is questionable.

It might be the case that a large collection of Buddhist texts was written down for the first time in Sri Lanka during the first century B.

Language determines identity and how one views the world

Second, it has been preserved in a Middle Indo-Aryan language closely related to various Prakrit dialects spoken in North of India during the third century B. Third, it expresses a fairly consistent set of doctrines and practices.

Like all past Buddhas, the conception and birth of Gautama Buddha are considered miraculous events. Buddha babies are born clean, though they are ritually bathed with two streams of water that fall from the sky; they all take seven steps toward the north and solemnly announce that this is their last rebirth.

Like former Buddhas, prince Siddhartha enjoyed all types of luxuries and sensual pleasures during his youth. Unsatisfied with this type of life, he had a crisis when he realized that everything was ephemeral and that his existence was subject to old age, sickness, and death.

After experiencing the states of concentration called base of nothingness and base of neither-perception-nor-non-perception, he realized that these lofty states did not lead to nirvana. Then the Buddha began to practice breathing exercises and fasting. The deterioration of his health led the Buddha to conclude that extreme asceticism was equally ineffective in attaining nirvana.

He thus resumed eating solid food; after recovering his health, he began to practice a more moderate spiritual path, the middle path, which avoids the extremes of sensual self-indulgence and self-mortification. Soon after, the Buddha experienced enlightenment, or awakening, under a bodhi-tree.

First he was inclined to inaction rather than to teaching what he had discovered.

Language determines identity and how one views the world

Out of compassion for all living beings, he decided to start a successful teaching career that lasted forty-five years. Today it is seen as problematic because it imposes modern western ideals of rationality onto non-western texts. Here I set aside the question of historical truth and speak exclusively of significance.

The significance of all the biographies of Buddha does not lie in their historical accuracy, but rather in their effectiveness to convey basic Buddhist ideas and values throughout history. Even today, narratives about the many deeds of Buddha are successfully used to introduce Buddhists of all latitudes into the main values and teachings of Buddhism.

Like followers of other religious leaders, Buddhist scribes tended to glorify the sanctity of their foundational figure with extraordinary events and spectacular accomplishments.

In this sense, the narratives of the Buddha are perhaps better understood as hagiographies rather than as biographies. The historical truth behind hagiographies is impossible to determine:TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: Body language affects how others see us, but it may also change how we see ourselves.

Social psychologist Amy Cuddy argues that "power posing" — standing in a posture of confidence, even when we don't feel confident — can boost feelings of confidence, and might have an impact on our chances for success.

Language is central to our experience of being human, and the languages we speak profoundly shape the way we think, the way we see the world, the way we live our lives. NOTES 1 S. C. Levinson and D. P. Wilkins, eds., Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive . Some Constraints to Identity Formation For Persons With Disabilities.

Shahnasarian () argues that the self-concept and real challenges that sometimes confront persons with disabilities can have broad implications for personal development in terms of education, career, and community life.

John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.

The rectangular area of North Africa, the Middle East and Asia between 10 degrees north and 40 degrees north latitude. The 10/40 Window is often called "The Resistant Belt" and includes the majority of the world's Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists.

Language, Identity, Culture, and Diversity —by the evaporation of various symbols and sounds—but also by the erosion of intuitive knowledge contained in each language. For instance, one of the the ten tongues spoken by Goulburn Island's inhabitants incorporates various words for the area's plants and animals in ways that capture.

Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits