These sentences have been overused in IELTS essay writing or are considered to be learned expressions which are not accepted by the examiner.
Historically Contingent or Divinely Ordained? Christian thought throughout its history has always viewed the death of Jesus in one way or another as atonement for sin and not merely the result of human decisions. If so, is there any logical way we can avoid the implication that God manipulated human history to cause the death of Jesus?
I am defining historical contingency as any event for which human beings, rather than God, are responsible. The atonement theories that have emerged are various Is the death penalty effective thesis statement to come to terms with this theological dilemma. That is, in view of the fact that it was human beings who killed Jesus, how can the death of Jesus be, if at all, a divinely foreordained event?
As a student of the New Testament and one who is committed to Wesleyan theology, I wish to look at this issue from the perspective of New Testament theology and critique some of the atonement theories that have emerged in the history of Christian thought.
Then I will take a look at the historical Jesus to see what can be said, if anything, about his understanding of the probability of his own violent death. The Theological Dilemma The New Testament itself understands the death of Jesus to be in accordance with the redemptive purposes of God.
One of the most significant ways that the New Testament speaks of the death of Jesus is that it was for us, for our sake, in our behalf. According to Mark Although a detailed exegesis of those passages is not within the purview of this paper, some reference will be made to that discussion in this essay whenever it is relevant.
All four gospels see human factors at work in the death of Jesus. Judas is held responsible for betraying him Luke At a later point in this essay I will comment on the first half of this verse, but for now, it is clear that the second half of the verse holds Judas culpable for his betrayal of Jesus.
It is true, of course, that in some sense all human beings are culpable for the death of Jesus. However, that is not a historical statement but a theological one, frequently occurring in Christian hymnody and spirituality.
As the gospels see it, Judas had a part in the historical events that resulted in the death of Jesus. The Jewish leaders are also blamed for the death of Jesus.
According to Mark, the chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill him Matthew says that when Jesus was before Pilate, the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus killed Regardless of the actual facts of the case, there is no doubt that the gospel writers hold the Jewish leaders responsible.
On the other hand, the gospel writers do not exempt Pilate himself from blame either. But Pilate heeds the voice of the crowd rather than the voice of his wife or his own conscience. Even after he had decided that Jesus was innocent, he gave in to the public demand and handed Jesus over to the will of the crowd.
When the chief priests say, "We have no king but the emperor," Pilate decides to have Jesus crucified John Many critics have argued that for polemic reasons the gospels tend to shift the blame for the death of Jesus from Roman authorities to Jewish leaders.
This anti-Jewish stance eventually turned into anti-Semitism in the later history of Christendom, ultimately resulting in the Holocaust. Others point out that the gospels find both Jewish and Roman authorities equally blameworthy.
Perhaps for someone like Augustine or John Calvin the dilemma would be minimal: But what would be a Wesleyan response? Likewise the prayer of early Christians in Acts 4: But this statement in Acts raises the thorny problem of the death of Jesus seemingly being divinely predestined, which is the issue that I am concerned with in this paper.
Luke-Acts as a whole seems to present the death of Jesus consistently in this way. The Lukan Jesus speaks of his death in the same language as that of Peter in the Pentecost sermon alluded to above: In the second prediction, Luke makes the words of Jesus more emphatic: In the third prediction, Luke adds these words to his Markan source: Later, when Jesus appears to the eleven disciples, he says to them, "[E]verything written about me in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms must be fulfilled.
Thus it is written, that the Messiah is to suffer and to rise…" It determines His activity… It leads Him to suffering and death, but also to glory… It has its basis in the will of God concerning Him which is laid down in Scripture and which He unconditionally follows… The major voices in the New Testament seem to concur with this perspective.
According to 1 Peter, the Old Testament prophets testified in advance to the sufferings of Christ and his subsequent glory 1: Perhaps his most puzzling statement is in 2 Corinthians 5: This of course raises the issue whether it is legitimate or possible to do any kind of quest of the historical Jesus.
In the earlier decades of this century, Schweitzer and Bultmann argued that quest of the historical Jesus was impossible. But since then studies of the historical Jesus have exploded, and the interest shows no sign of abating, particularly with the work of the Jesus Seminar launched in the eighties.Threats against Bush at public protests.
A protester with a sign saying “Kill Bush” and advocating that the White House be bombed, at the March 18, anti-war rally in San Francisco. A. AGS Ethics Committee, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia.
Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May , 43(5) There are vast differences in the way people view the death grupobittia.com oppose it and some agree with it. There have been many studies trying to prove or disprove a point regarding the death penalty. Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and grupobittia.com [thesis statement] Starting Sentence Option 2: Much controversy surrounds [the death penalty/capital punishment].
The idea of killing someone [as a consequence/in punishment] of a crime seems [cruel/just] to many, but others [are for/are against/protest] it. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date you’re citing.