Epistemology is the study of the origin, structure, and extent of reality. Empiricism is the study of the nature, extent, origin, and justification of knowledge. Epistemology exam questions is not a legitimate "epistemological" approach, because it is not really concerned with the study of the nature, sources, and limits of knowledge.
When I say I know something, I do not always have to believe what I claim to know. Even though only true propositions can be known, it is possible to believe a proposition that is false.
According to Plato, the eternal Forms or Ideas are the universal characteristics by which things are what they are and are known as what they are. According to Plato, our knowledge about things in the sensible world is not based on sense experience but on our a priori apprehension of the Forms.
According to Plato, the Form of the Good is the ultimate cause or rationale for every meaningful or intelligible thing. Because rationalism does not rely on sense experience for knowledge, it is inappropriate to speak of a "rationalist epistemology.
Because rationalism does not rely on sense experience, it cannot account for how we know anything. For Plato, all knowledge as opposed to opinion is innate insofar as it is based on reasoning that cannot have been obtained through sense experience.
According to Plato, to understand a thing means being able to conceive the thing in terms of the concept or logos by which it is intelligible.
According to Descartes, we cannot say that we know things about the world Epistemology exam questions on sense experience because we can be deceived by our senses or might simply be dreaming.
Descartes uses the methodic doubt to show that there is at least one thing that can be known with absolute certainty, namely, that he exists. By means of his "methodic doubt," Descartes is able to show that there is one thing we can know with absolute certainty--namely, that we cannot know anything with certainty.
Dualists like Descartes argue that human beings are composed of immaterial bodies and material souls or minds. In order to know that he exists, Descartes first has to prove that his bodily senses can be trusted when they reveal to him that he is behaving in a thinking manner.
The methodic doubt by which Descartes hopes to achieve certainty and a foundation for claims of knowledge is, for him, both a real and reasonable doubt about the existence of things.
According to Descartes, since sense experience is sometimes deceiving, it cannot be the ultimate and indubitable undoubtable basis for knowledge. By means of his wax example Descartes wants to show how our ideas of substance and identity are not based on sense experience.
Philosophical skepticism claims that nothing exists.
Epistemology does not consider skepticism as a legitimate theory because skepticism claims that we can never be completely justified in our beliefs. A solipsist is someone who doubts whether anything else exists other than his or her own mind.
According to Descartes, no all-good God would permit us ever to make mistakes about what we claim to know about the world using our senses.
According to Descartes, the criteria or principles for determining whether a claim is true are clarity and distinctness. By assuming that knowledge is possible by reasoning alone, rationalists conclude that the only things we ever know to exist are our minds and their ideas.
Even though a posteriori propositions can sometimes be universal, they are never necessary that is, they are always contingent. Because supporters of extrasensory perception do not limit claims of knowledge to data provided by the five senses, they are considered rationalists, relying on reason alone for knowledge.
To say that Locke is a representational realist means that he believes that at least some of our ideas actually represent things outside of the mind.
According to Locke, ideas of sensation and reflection are innate because they are based on primary rather than secondary qualities.
By referring to the mind as a tabula rasa, Locke emphasizes the empiricist position that prior to experience the mind is blank or empty. According to Locke, we know about abstract general ideas like humanity or blueness because there are such general things in the world to which such ideas correspond.
Primary qualities, for Locke, are characteristics of things e. To distinguish primary and secondary qualities, Locke assumes that we can compare those characteristics of things that exist in objects themselves with characteristics that exist only in our minds.
According to Berkeley, because we can never know anything outside of our own minds, we must conclude that there is no such thing as a real world.Epistemology is the study of the origin, structure, and extent of reality.
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Empiricism is the study of the nature, extent, origin, and justification of knowledge. Epistemology is the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.
Epistemology concerns philosophical questions about knowledge True According to Plato and the traditional definition of knowledge, having a true belief is sufficient to have knowledge. Review your understanding of epistemology with the help of this interactive quiz and printable worksheet.
A series of multiple-choice questions. PHI - Epistemology Exam. STUDY. PLAY. Epistemology - branch or subdivision of philosophy which is dedicated to the study of knowledge, its attainment, and its limitations. What are the three central questions of epistemology? What is the allegory of .
Epistemology is the theory of knowledge including its limits and validity. Did you love philosophy studies at school and college? Do you see yourself as one of the great philosophers of the past such as Aristotle, Plato, and Confucius?