Ellis was born in Pittsburgh in and raised in New York City.
The idea that our beliefs upset us was first articulated by Epictetus around 2, years ago: We want to be happy whether we are alone or with others; we want to get Albert ellis essay with others—especially with one or two close friends; we want to be well informed and educated; we want a good job with good pay; and we want to enjoy our leisure time.
Of course life doesn't always allow us to have what we want; our goal of being happy is often thwarted by the "slings and arrows of Albert ellis essay fortune.
To illustrate this, Dr. Ellis developed a simple ABC format to teach people how their beliefs cause their emotional and behavioral responses: You have a belief about the situation. You have an emotional reaction to the belief. Your employer falsely accuses you of taking money from her purse and threatens to fire you.
If you had held a different belief, your emotional response would have been different: That would be unbearable. It is B that causes C. In the first example, it is not your employer's false accusation and threat that make you angry; it is your belief that she has no right to accuse you, and that she is a bitch.
In the second example, it is not her accusation and threat that make you anxious; it is the belief that you must not lose your job, and that losing your job would be unbearable.
The Three Basic Musts Although we all express ourselves differently, according to Albert Ellis and REBT, the beliefs that upset us are all variations of three common irrational beliefs.
Each of the three common irrational beliefs contains a demand, either about ourselves, other people, or the world in general.
These beliefs are known as " The Three Basic Musts. Other people must treat me considerately, fairly and kindly, and in exactly the way I want them to treat me.
If they don't, they are no good and they deserve to be condemned and punished. I must get what I want, when I want it; and I must not get what I don't want. It's terrible if I don't get what I want, and I can't stand it.
The first belief often leads to anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt. The second belief often leads to rage, passive-aggression and acts of violence.
The third belief often leads to self-pity and procrastination. It is the demanding nature of the beliefs that causes the problem. Less demanding, more flexible beliefs lead to healthy emotions and helpful behaviors Disputing The goal of REBT is to help people change their irrational beliefs into rational beliefs.
Changing beliefs is the real work of therapy and is achieved by the therapist disputing the client's irrational beliefs. For example, the therapist might ask, "Why must you win everyone's approval? Insight Albert Ellis and REBT contend that although we all think irrationally from time to time, we can work at eliminating the tendency.
It's unlikely that we can ever entirely eliminate the tendency to think irrationally, but we can reduce the frequency, the duration, and the intensity of our irrational beliefs by developing three insights: We don't merely get upset but mainly upset ourselves by holding inflexible beliefs.
No matter when and how we start upsetting ourselves, we continue to feel upset because we cling to our irrational beliefs. The only way to get better is to work hard at changing our beliefs.
It takes practice, practice, practice. Acceptance Emotionally healthy human beings develop an acceptance of reality, even when reality is highly unfortunate and unpleasant. REBT therapists strive to help their clients develop three types of acceptance: Each of these types of acceptance is based on three core beliefs: I am a fallible human being; I have my good points and my bad points.
There is no reason why I must not have flaws.Albert Ellis (September 27, – July 24, ) was an American psychologist who in developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). He held MA and PhD degrees in clinical psychology from Columbia University and the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP).
Albert Ellis and the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Essay Sample Albert Ellis and the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Albert Ellis was born in Pittsburgh, PA on September 17, Below is an essay on "Albert Ellis" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Diploma in Integrative Hypnotherapy and Psychotherapy.
Module /5(1). Free Essay: Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis Therapy Vs. Albert Ellis’ Rational Emotive Therapy Tracy Asencio Dr. Pam Cingel PSY Theories of Personality Albert Ellis Tribute Book Series Launched The series will include books of readings for professionals, psychology self-help, psychotherapy theory and practice, the application of philosophy to clinical practice, professional guides for working with special populations, and classroom and college texts.
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