Literature represents much of the very best of humanity's writings, and it is not by any accident that, after bestsellers and sensationalized books have faded from memory, literature continues to thrive and remain intensely relevant to contemporary human conditions. Literature's stories and texts survive the fires of time.
Early vernacular literature The influence of France French prose and verse romances were popular in Italy from the 12th to the 14th century. Stories from the Carolingian and Arthurian cycles, together with free adaptations from the Latin narrative classics, were read by the literate, while French minstrels recited verse in public places throughout northern Italy.
In this literature, though the language used was purportedly French, the writers often consciously or unconsciously introduced elements from their own northern Italian dialectsthus creating a linguistic hybrid.
Poetry was considered an embellishment of the court and an escape from serious matters of life, and it is significant that it was the love poetry of Provence —and not the political poetry—that was imitated by the Sicilian school.
The most important of these poets was the notary Jacopo da Lentinireputed to have invented the sonnet form. By an accident of history, all of the original Sicilian manuscripts were lost and the poetry of the Sicilian school was handed down in later Tuscan transcriptions, which make it look much closer to modern Italian than it really was.
The new style While Guittone and his followers were still writing, a new development appeared in love poetry, marked by a concern for precise and sincere expression and a new serious treatment of love.
His poetry was immediately appreciated by Cavalcanti, a serious and extremely talented lyric poet. Cino da Pistoia used the vocabulary of the stilnovisti, as these poets were called, in an original way that in its melancholy psychological introspection looks forward to Petrarch. Purely local characteristics were removed, and the standard nonrealistic literary language of Italy had been created.
Comic verse Poesia giocoso realistic, or comic, verse was a complete contrast to serious love poetry. The language was often deliberately unrefined, colloquialand sometimes scurrilous, in keeping with the themes dealt with in the poetry.
This kind of verse belongs to an ongoing European tradition, owing something to the satirical goliard poets of the 12th and 13th centuries, who wrote Latin verses in praise of pleasure or in vituperation of their personal enemies, of women, or of the Roman Catholic Church.
Though the personae they affect are often crude, even violent, the comic poets—whose usual verse form was the sonnet —were cultivated literary men and not the proletarian rebels that they were thought to be by Romantic critics.
Dante himself exchanged insults in this coarse combative style with his contemporary Forese Donati. Francis of Assisi was one of the earliest Italian poems.
It was written in rhythmical prose that recalls the verses of the Bible and uses assonance in place of rhyme. In the Umbrian dialect, God is praised through all the things of his creation.
It is probable that St. Francis also composed a musical accompaniment, and after his death the lauda became a common form of religious song used by the confraternities of laypeople who gathered on holy days to sing the praises of God and the saints and to recall the life and Passion of Christ.
The one real poet of the lauda tradition was Jacopone da Todia Franciscan and a mystic. His laudi, in the form of ballads, were often concerned with the themes of spiritual poverty and the corruption of the church.
Prose Literary vernacular prose began in the 13th century, though Latin continued to be used for writings on theologyphilosophylawpolitics, and science.See also the pages.
Criticism of Seamus Heaney's 'The Grauballe Man' and other poems Seamus Heaney: ethical depth? His responses to the British army during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, bullfighting, the Colosseum, 'pests,' 9/11, IRA punishment, .
Italian literature: Italian literature, the body of written works produced in the Italian language that had its beginnings in the 13th century.
Until that time nearly all literary work composed in Europe during the Middle Ages was written in Latin. Moreover, it was predominantly practical in nature and produced by.
The Influence of Dante's Inferno - Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy is an epic poem that begins with the Inferno. The Inferno is an extremely influential part of European literature. The most widely read work of Florentine politician and writer Dante Alighieri, the Divine Comedy dictates a tale of the three realms of the afterlife as believed by the Italians of the Mid The Divine Comedy and Christian Concept of Afterlife.
The Divine Comedy (The Inferno, the Purgatorio, and the Paradiso) (NAL: NY, ).
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. These are some of the many databases available to you as a member of Middletown Thrall Library: Artemis (now Gale Literary Sources) Searches the following databases (described below): Literature Criticism Online, Literature for Students, Literature Resource Center, and Something about the Author.